Use of antibiotics during infancy and risk of developing childhood obesity

Childhood overweight and obesity is becoming a major public health concern worldwide. An estimated 43 million pre-school children would develop overweight and obesity – a report from 2010 says. Alongside the developed countries, the prevalence of childhood obesity is alarmingly increasing in developing countries. Childhood obesity tends to be continued in adulthood and increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases e.g. stroke, heart attack, diabetes and cancers in the later stage of life. Given the magnitude of future health risks associated with childhood obesity, strong public health preventive actions are imperative. Continue reading “Use of antibiotics during infancy and risk of developing childhood obesity”

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Self-Harm In Young People: Time For Action

Self-harm in young people is emerging as a major public health problem all over the world. Self-injury and/or self-poisoning regardless the motivation or intention is considered as self-harm. Most of the time self-harm is an expression of underlying mental health problem of an individual.

Usually people from 10 years to 24 years are considered as young people. Mental health problems like depression and suicide are leading causes of death and disability among this group.  Violence, poverty, humiliation, hopelessness and feeling devalued can increase the risk of developing mental health problems. Research showed self-harm is most common in 15–24 year olds and more common in females. Continue reading “Self-Harm In Young People: Time For Action”

Obesity in children and its consequences

Bangladesh has been experiencing an epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable chronic diseases. While childhood under-nutrition is still highly prevalent in the country, there has been a steep rise in childhood obesity and overweight in the last 2 decades leading to double burden of malnutrition.

World Health Organisation (WHO) declared childhood obesity as one of the most serious public health challenges of 21st century as this problem is seriously affecting both the developed and developing countries. There will be 60 million cases of childhood obesity globally by 2020.

In Bangladesh, childhood obesity affects disproportionately among urban affluent families. Increased purchasing power parity (PPP) makes them able to avail cozy and relaxed lifestyles and thus vulnerable to obesity. Continue reading “Obesity in children and its consequences”

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